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An article is devoted to the analysis of youth subculture. It investigates the causal factors of young people’s involvement in the informal associations, as well as nature of subculture indentifies. Empirical base of this article consist of sociological studies in the flame of national report “Youth of Kazakhstan-2014” carried out in 2014 by the Center of Youth Researches. In this survey participa...

Language as a Factor of Cultural Socialization of Young People in Kazakhstan

Language as a Factor of Cultural Socialization of Young People in Kazakhstan

Professor, Dr. A. N. Teslenko (Astana, Kazakhstan)

Today the critical situation in national and linguistic policy is outstanding on the background of stable development of Kazakhstani economy and society. Linguistic situation in Kazakhstan is an independent segment of social life as a whole and as an element of multinational communication, state development, culture, science and education. According to the data provided by sociologists 41% of Slavonic people living in Kazakhstan still connect their future with this country, at the same time 26,3 % of them think that there is discrimination on the linguistic level.1 Enthnocratization of social life on linguistic and legal level is provided for in Constitution and Law “About Languages”. Status of Kazakh language as a state one in massmedia discussion is politicized, coming out of civilized dialogue of “ours” and “strangers”. In this post-soviet republic nationalistic groups are quite influential, they try to play “Kazakhstan for Kazakhs only” screen and to force upon tribal model of monoethnic state.

Today political loyalty of Kazakhs to their native ethnos is distinguished by a level of knowledge of Kazakh language. But historically Kazakhstan is formed as polyesthetic state, where so-called “esthetic minority” is practically a half of population and the main aim of their communication in Russian language. Now its legal status is determined as “language of multinational communication”, but nobody knows what’s does it mean. This “minority”, first of all – Russian, perceives a strict command and administrative inculcation of state language as an aspiration of Kazakhs to make them to leave this country; the other part of them considers this action as political demarche calling to assimilation and loss of their ethnic identity. In these conditions language barrier forced up by the state will lead to separating and ethnic conflicts.

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